Archive for December, 2015

Isn't it easy to avoid the accident?

Obviously the potential for you to get in a car accident is an awful thought; even assuming everyone involved survives and isn’t badly injured, there will be hell to pay in raised insurance rates and car repair/replacement. Accordingly, when these accidents do happen they tend to be horribly stressful and upsetting, which is very normal. That said, it’s important for the people involved to keep their cool; as bad as things are, they can get much worse if situations aren’t dealt with. Hopefully this article can help you to respond in the best and safest way to an accident if, god forbid, you end up involved in one.

Remain Calm

Car crashes are extremely emotional and may cause you to feel intense emotions or shock. Be sure to take the time you need to keep these in check, even if the other driver is completely at fault and is now actively ruining your day. No matter what, the most important thing is that you both are safe and if either of you is in critical condition, that the other one drive the injured one to the hospital. Don’t tell people an accident was your fault either; you may be mistaken, but if you admit it you’ve officially taken liability for the accident, case closed. This could in turn make you vulnerable to lawsuits and insurance penalties.

Check in with the Other Driver

Even in the most light-weight of fender benders, if you collide with another car, you need to get out and talk to the driver so that you can check to see if they’re OK, exchange insurance information and report the event to law enforcement. Anything less and you’ve become involved in a hit-and-run. This can in turn land you with misdemeanor to felony charges which, combined with your car damage and insurance rates, could really ruin your day, your credit, and maybe even put a damper on your life.

Just so you know, if someone becomes injured in an accident, you are required by law to provide them with assistance given that it in no way could cause you bodily harm to help them. You may need to take them to a hospital, in which case, do not hesitate.

Call 911

It’s somewhat common to make a private agreement with a driver with whom you’ve collided in which the person at fault pays the other person the money necessary to repair their car without either party alerting insurance companies or law enforcement. This can be very risky for the parties involved; if identification and contact information is forged, you could end up letting the person responsible for the damage to your car drive away home free.

Up to one in seven drivers is currently driving without car insurance. These people tend to carry fake or expired insurance cards, meaning you could not find out until later that you have no way of getting your car fixed.

car accidentGet the Information You Need

Be sure to take down information regarding when and where the crash was, the conditions that led to the accident, and the name, address, insurance company name and insurance policy number of the other driver. You’re going to want their license plate number, the contact information of any surrounding witnesses, pictures of the crash site and the vehicles involved, etc.

Stay On Top of It Until It’s Dealt With

Get legal and medicinal advice, then call up your insurance company and figure everything out with them. Register your insurance claim as soon as possible, but make sure you understand fully what your plan covers ahead of time.

alternator broThough less often discussed than the car battery, the alternator is just as essential for creating and storing electrical power to start your engine and maintain function among all your car’s interior and exterior electrical components.

Alternators are small, lightweight devices usually installed near your car’s engine. They are roughly the size of a coconut and constructed out of aluminum because it’s a lightweight metal that doesn’t magnetize and allows for the easy dissipation of heat. These aspects of aluminum are crucial to the functionality of the alternator because it must endure tremendous heat generated by the electrical power that it produces. Alternators also have vents on their front and back sides and interior cooling fans to further aid with heat dissipation.

On the front of every alternator is a rotor shaft that is in turn connected to a drive pulley. When the engine is running, the crankshaft turns the drive belt, spinning the pulley on the rotor shaft. The alternator then transfers this kinetic movement or mechanical energy into electrical power for the car’s lights and whatnot.

On the back side of the alternator are several terminals that act as connecting points in a larger electrical circuit. There’s an S terminal that senses the voltage of the battery, the IG terminal that is basically an ignition switch for turning the voltage regulator on, the L terminal that closes the circuit to the warning lamp that comes on when the battery is running out of juice, the B terminal that connects to the battery and acts as the main alternator output terminal, and the F terminal that acts as a full-field bypass terminal for the purposes of the regulator.

Voltage RegulatorWithin the alternator lies a variety of electrical components including the voltage regulator, which distributes the power the alternator creates and controls the output of power to the battery. Alongside the voltage regulator can be found the rectifier bridge, which converts the power, while the brushes and slip rings help to conduct current to the rotor field winding.

If you really get to the center of the alternator you’ll find a large cylinder with a series of triangular finger poles lining its circumference. This makes up the rotor. The finger pole pieces are situated around coil wires called field windings that are repeatedly wrapped around an iron core on the rotor shaft.

Because the triangular finger poles are staggered around the cylinder’s circumference, the north and south magnetic poles alternate as they surround the wire rotor field windings. This creates a magnetic field that in turn induces voltage into the stator that encompasses the entire outside of the rotor without directly touching it. The stator harnesses all the electricity created by the spinning rotor’s magnetic field.

Alternators are so-named because they generate alternating current (AC) as opposed to direct current (DC). AC power generates higher voltage more efficiently, but because car batteries produce DC power, it’s necessary to use diodes to convert the alternator’s electrical power into useful energy for the battery.

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